Imran Khan and his team from PTI (Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf) promised us:
There is a need for an institutional framework to deal effectively with internal security – A National Security Organisation. There is a need to have such an institution in which all the stakeholders can come together, strategize and oversee operationalisation of a national security policy, in a structured, organisational manner. There is also the need to overcome the NACTA logjam – and end bureaucratic turf wars.
NACTA is not wide enough in scope, in terms of issue areas and membership, to undertake this role but NACTA can act as the Secretariat to a National Security Organisation. Such a body should have the Prime Minister as its Chairman and comprise two parts: One, the Plenary Council where decisions regarding policy and strategy are made, and which would have the Minister of Interior as the Deputy Chairman while members would be the Ministers for Finance, Foreign Affairs and Defence as well as the National Security Adviser (NSA), the Chairman JCSC, COAS, CNS, CAS. Secretary would be the DG NACTA; second, the Specialist Working Group which would include as members Heads of all 8 intelligence agencies, Police rep, Paramilitary rep, and the Deputy Chairman of this Committee would be the DG NACTA. Such a body should also be institutionalised at the provincial levels as this would also allow the intelligence coordination that is a critical starting point for any security strategy. Civilian and Parliamentary responsibility and control are essential and must be factored in.
Objective must be to deal with internal threats to the state at multiple levels to defeat the four main objectives of the insurgents & terrorists: ideology, manpower, funds and weapons/explosives. The State’s policy must lead to strategies to meet and counter the threat at all these four levels.
PTI realises the need to treat this scourge of terrorism on multiple fronts in order to provide security for ordinary citizens so that terrorists are unable to melt into the population and find shelter there; and to convince the militants to lay down their arms. At the same time PTI recognises the need to address genuine political grievances, especially of the people of Balochistan and FATA.
Reclaiming ungoverned spaces. The first step must be to reclaim all the state’s ungoverned spaces. The writ of the state has to be established and this cannot be done simply through military action. It requires putting in place a viable administrative and economic structure in place. A beginning has been made with the merger of FATA into Khyber Pukhtunkhwa Province but we must ensure that the structures of civilian administration are put in place as quickly as possible so that the displaced population is facilitated into resettlement.
To counter terrorism, PTI will begin implementing a comprehensive internal security policy based on 4 E’s:
Expose links between active and passive (those who provide logistics support but are not part of the fighting force) terrorists and seek to win over the latter so as to isolate the hard core elements who rely on local populations for support – the local population acts as the rear of the terrorists. By separating the passive supporters the state deprives the terrorists of an important component of their support structure.
Enforce and fully implement all components of the consensual National Action Plan as well as implementing Pakistan’s international treaty/convention commitments on counter terrorism. PTI would seek to choking terrorist funds by ensuring an effective National Terrorists Financing Investigation Cell (NTFIC).
Eliminate those hard core terrorists, who refuse to lay down their arms and surrender to the State, through a comprehensive joint military-civilian action plan of isolation, extermination and blowback prevention. A major focus on this aspect of the counter terrorism strategy would be eliminate sources of supply of weapons/explosives to the terrorists.
Educate the population through developing a counter ideological narrative by co-opting religious scholars. Why is a counter narrative critical? Because militants need social space for their existence and growth. In their minds they see themselves as law enforcers, administrators, teachers and justice providers. Having gained social space, they seek out physical space and as governance weakens they become stronger. So it is critical for the state to reclaim social space along with physical space. Media co-option would also be sought to project an effective counter narrative.
PTI will also focus on restructuring syllabi and mainstreaming Madrassas by providing them with proper educational facilities. This would entail teacher training including the establishment of special Islamic teaching academies with diplomas for teaching. Another component of mainstreaming Madrassas would be a public-private “adopt a Madrassa scheme” where the business enterprises in the local area are given tax benefits etc for adopting a Madrassa, upgrading it and offering apprenticeships to its graduating students.
To ensure success of PTI’s counter terrorist strategy, an immediate step will be taken to reform the criminal judicial system and revise the Anti-Terror legislations so that it is precise and focused on terrorism.
PTI will not allow Pakistan’s territory or people, including its armed forces, to be used by any other nation for the promotion of its political ideology or hegemony, for promoting terrorism or for destabilisation of any other state.
You can read these promises in the complete manifesto document released by PTI available HERE in English and HERE in Urdu.
Find below the expert`s analysis on the progress of above promise :